Tennis is a sport that originated in England around the 19th century and is now played in a number of countries around the world. There are four major tournaments known as ‘majors’ which include the Wimbledon, US Open, French Open and Australian tournaments.
The game of tennis is played on a rectangular court with a net across the middle. The objective is to hit the ball over the net and land the ball within the margins of the court and in a way that prevents your opponent from returning the ball. You win one point every time your opponent can’t return the ball on the court.
Players & Equipment
Tennis matches can be played by either one player on each side – a single match – or two players on each side – a doubles match. The rectangular court has a baseline (at the back), a service area (two spaces directly above the net where a successful serve must land) and two tram lines on either side. A single match means you use an inner tram line and a doubles match means you use an outer tram line.
The court can be played on four main surfaces including grass, clay, hard surfaces and carpet. Each tournament will select one surface type and remain without the entire. All that is needed in terms of equipment is a string racket and a tennis ball respectively.
You need to score four points to win the game of tennis. The points are known as 15 (1 point), 30 (two points), 40 (three points) and the fourth point will result in the winning points and the end of the game. If the score is 40-40 it is known as deuce. When the fifa game reaches deuce, the player must win by two clear points.
Winning the Game
To win a game you must win a certain number of sets (best of three sets for a women’s match and best of 5 sets for a men’s match). Winning a set is only the first player to reach 6 games but must be completed by at least 2 games. If your opponent wins 5 matches, you have to win the set 7-5. If the set goes 6-6 then a tie break is played and it is only the first player to score 7 points.
- The game begins with a toss of a coin to determine which player should serve first and from which side they wish to serve.
- The server must then serve each point of the alternate side on the baseline. Server feet must not move in front of the baseline on the court before serving them.
- If the server fails to get their first service, they can take advantage of the second service. If they fail to get their second serve again then the double fault will be canceled and the points lost.
- If the server cuts the net but the ball still enters the service area, then let it be called and they can take the service again without penalty. If the ball hits the net and fails to enter the service area, then the exit is called and they lose the service.
- Recipients can stand where they want after receiving service. If the ball is hit without service bounces then the server will receive points.
- After the serve has been made, the number of shots between players can be unlimited. Points are won by hitting the ball so that the opponent fails to return it to the area of the goal scorer.
- Points are awarded in scores of 15, 30 and 40. 15 represents 1 point, 30 = 2 and 40 = 3. You
- requires 4 points to win the game. If the game lands at 40-40, it is known as deuce. From deuce, the player must win 2 points in a row to win the game. After winning one point from deuce, the player has the advantage. If the player wins the next point they win the game, if they lose, it goes back to deuce.
- To win a set, players must win 6 games 2 times or more. The opening set will be a tie break if it ends 6-6 where the player plays first for 7 points. The final set will have no tie break and requires the player to win by two games of NFL without limitation.
- If a player touches the net, distracts his opponent or does a hitch they automatically lose points.
- The ball can hit any part of the line for the call point, outside the line and the ball is out.
- The balls in tennis matches are replaced with new balls every 6 matches
- A player loses one point if they fail to return the ball in the correct area of the court, hit the net and do not enter the opponent’s area or fail to return the ball before it has bounced twice in half.